(4) The present situation, where the rate of population growth has slowed down in wealthy industrialized nations but the population continues to increase rapidly in poorer and less developed nations.
Large proportion of population in this sensitive age-group carries if own implications for a country like India which struggling hard to arrest its unobliging fertility rata I Above all, the rapid population growth hi neutralized the country's achievements in both economic and social spheres (Chandna, 1996, pp. 13 I 140).
i. The rapid growth of population balances the country’s political and administrative apparatus plus it imposes a variety of burdens on the social structure also. Population growth affects the medical, educational, water, housing service and creates problems to the govt.
The most impressive part of the puzzle linking population and conflict is the intricacy of thelevel of analysis. Man, society, the state, and the international system all interact to generateconflict. The conventional definition of the population "problem" is tied to numbers--too manyindividuals and too rapid a rate of growth. The more complex definitions of demographicproblems are tied to society and institutions, namely the ability (or lack thereof) to adapt tochanging numbers and to added pressures. In the international sphere, the population "issue" istied to development, obstacles to growth, and perpetuation of social inequalities. At each of theselevels--the individual, the state, and the international system-- evidence points to somepervasive effects of the relationship between numbers and their social and politicalconsequences.
Discuss the consequences of rapid population growth.
In later editions of his essay, Malthus clarified his view that if society relied on human misery to limit population growth, then sources of misery (, hunger, disease, and war) would inevitably afflict society, as would volatile economic cycles. On the other hand, "preventive checks" to population that limited birthrates, such as later marriages, could ensure a higher standard of living for all, while also increasing economic stability. Regarding possibilities for freeing man from these limits, Malthus argued against a variety of imaginable solutions, such as the notion that agricultural improvements could expand without limit.
Essay on the Problem of Population Growth!
The opening essays in this supplement to Population and Development Review cover population renewal in affluent societies, the management of intergenerational relations throughout history, and the sustainability issues confronting the modern welfare state. Another set of contributions is concerned with the historical experience with low fertility; the puzzles that ultra-low fertility and natural population decrease pose for theorists of human behavior; the relationship between fertility decline and democratization; and the intractable problems for social policy in Japan created by ultra-low fertility and extreme population aging. Several essays examine the role of public policy in lowering high fertility; others offer novel insights on natural and human capital and technology.
Causes of Rapidly Growing Populations
A final group of essays concerns theory and data: social change modeled as a cohort succession process; the life expectancy–income relationship in cross-section and over time; the demographic transition among the elderly population as a delayed analogue of the familiar demographic transition; and the possible demise of the centuries-old instrument of data collection that is the population census.