"Physician-assisted suicide, like euthanasia, is unethical and must be condemned by the medical profession. Where the assistance of the physician is intentionally and deliberately directed at enabling an individual to end his or her own life, the physician acts unethically. However the right to decline medical treatment is a basic right of the patient and the physician does not act unethically even if respecting such a wish results in the death of the patient."Further the WMA recommends to National Medical Associations and doctors to refrain from practising euthanasia even if national laws allow or decriminalise it.
"Many, if not most of the problems of health care ethics presuppose that we have a view about what sorts of beings have something that we might think of as ultimate moral value. Or, if this sounds too apocalyptic, then we certainly need to identify those sorts of individuals who have 'the highest' moral value or importance (emphasis added): a moral value or importance comparable to that to which we believe ourselves entitled."Wesley J. Smith is a senior fellow at the Discovery Institute of Seattle, Washington, an attorney and consultant for the International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide, an award winning author, and a special consultant to the Center for Bioethics and Culture. Smith points out:
In countries where euthanasia and assisted suicide are legal, the efficacy of medical treatment is increasingly a judgment of value rather than of physiological outcome. Initially, only those who had a terminal illness could be euthanized. Now, in the Netherlands, assisted suicide is offered to , such as mental illness, dementia, autism, and addictions to alcohol or drugs. Frequently, these patients choose euthanasia because the alternatives are perceived to offer only a minimal improvement to their quality of life.
Physician assisted death (PAD) is a relatively new phrase in the American lexicon. It is the law in two states, Oregon, 1994, and Washington State, 2008. A terminally ill patient residing in these states—competent and not clinically depressed—can ask for and receive from his doctor a prescription for medicine that, if ingested, ends life. PAD differs from euthanasia because in euthanasia the medical practitioner dispenses the lethal amount into the client.
Medical Ethics and Euthanasia Essay Examples
...Rodriguez v. Attorney General of B.C. In the case of Rodriguez v. Attorney general of B.C, many controversial philosophical and moral issues were challenged. Sue Rodriguez was diagnosed with ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease), a condition affecting motor neurons of brain and spinal cord. Her prognosis was a short life expectancy that had the prospect of a slow and painful death, and eventual complete paralysis, while remaining mentally competent throughout the process. Therefore, Sue requested the right to participate in voluntary euthanasia to have the option to end her own life with dignity. The law in Canada prohibits physician assisted suicide, so she challenged the law in court. However, the British Columbian court ruled in majority against Rodriguez. Rodriguez then appealed the court’s decision to the Supreme Court of British Columbia but the court had dismissed her appeal to participate in voluntary euthanasia with one dissenting judge and forwarded it to the parliament. The final decision made by the parliament was brought before the supreme court of Canada, which resulted in a 5-4 majority decision in favor of the current law that criminalized physician assisted suicide. Sue Rodriguez case embodies a serious ethical dilemma. It raised many philosophical and moral issues; this essay will analyze the various issues that justify the Supreme Court of Canada’s majority decision verses the dissenting judges. The key arguments that...
Medical Ethics: Essays on Abortion and Euthanasia
"Euthanasia is among the dramas of an ethic that presumes to establish who can live and who must die. Compassion, when devoid of the willingness to confront suffering and stand by those who are suffering, puts an end to life where it aims to end pain, thus distorting the ethical statutes of medical science."(3)
Medical ethics : essays on abortion and euthanasia …
The latest euthanasia from the Netherlands revealed that over 400 persons were “euthanized without their consent” in 2015, an increase of 100 people from their 2010 report. Again, the majority of these people did not have a terminal illness, but some other chronic condition which a third party determined made their life unbearable. Remarkably, there are advocates who don’t believe this compassionate policy goes far enough. They want to completely remove the necessity of having any medical condition, terminal or otherwise, to access assisted suicide.