Essay: The Mexican War - Online Essays

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The Mexican Army emerged from the war of independence (1810–1821) as a weak and divided force. Before the war with the United States, the military faced both internal and foreign challenges. The Spanish still occupied the coastal fortress of San Juan de Ulúa, and Spain did not recognize Mexico's independence, so that the new nation was at risk for invasion. In 1829, the Spanish attempted to reconquer their former colony and became a national hero defending the homeland. The army had a set of privileges (), established in the colonial era, that gave it jurisdiction over many aspects of its affairs. In general, the military supported conservative positions, advocating a strong central government and upholding privileges of the military and the Catholic Church.

Mexico was not inclined nor able to negotiate. In 1846 alone, the presidency changed hands four times, the war ministry six times, and the finance ministry sixteen times. Mexican public opinion and all political factions agreed that selling the territories to the United States would tarnish the national honor. Mexicans who opposed direct conflict with the United States, including President , were viewed as traitors. Military opponents of de Herrera, supported by populist newspapers, considered Slidell's presence in Mexico City an insult. When de Herrera considered receiving Slidell to settle the problem of Texas annexation peacefully, he was accused of treason and deposed. After a more nationalistic government under General came to power, it publicly reaffirmed Mexico's claim to Texas; Slidell, convinced that Mexico should be "chastised", returned to the US.

In November 1845, Polk sent , a secret representative, to Mexico City with an offer to the Mexican government of $25 million for the Rio Grande border in Texas and Mexico's provinces of and . US expansionists wanted California to thwart British ambitions in the area and to gain a port on the . Polk authorized Slidell to forgive the $3 million owed to US citizens for damages caused by the and pay another $25 to $30 million in exchange for the two territories.

Grant also expressed the view that the war against Mexico had brought punishment on the United States in the form of the :

The San Practicio Battalion knew after the United States raised their flag over the Castle of Chapultepec they would be hanged from leaving and joining the Mexicans. Who were the soldiers? The majority of Americans who served in the War with Mexico were young, in their late teens and early twenties. Many of them had never been away from home before. They enlisted for glory and adventure. What they got was a bitter dose of reality; heat, dust, boredom, insects, disease and all too frequently, death – more often caused by illness than by enemy bullets. One thing is that being a soldier in the U.

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S. -Mexican War was an uncomfortable, unhealthy, and dangerous business. Disease killed more men than bullets. This is due to unsanitary camp conditions. Primitive medical techniques along with delays in treatment was another reason for the deaths of many battle wounded who might otherwise have recovered had they received prompt and proper care and attention. The weapons used by soldiers in the Mexican War were generally muzzle-loading rifles or muskets, with the latter predominating since they were quicker and easier to load, although their range and accuracy left something to be desired.

Essays on the Mexican War by Douglas W

Essays on the Mexican War by Wayne Cutler, 1986 | …

American idealist and realism views Idealism and realism are two motivational factors for American war and peace. America has always been more of an idealist when going to war and realist at the peac ... to war and realist at the peace table. Evidence of this can be seen in two of the earliest American wars, the Revolutionary war and the Mexican war. From the willingness of Americans to get up and fig ...

Essays on the Mexican War by Richmond, Douglas W./ Eisenhower, John S

The Printed Ephemera Collection at the Library of Congress is a rich repository of Americana. In total, the collection comprises 28,000 primary-source items dating from the seventeenth century to the present and encompassing key events and eras in U.S. history, including the annexation of Texas and the Mexican War.


Read this American History Essay and over 87,000 other research documents. Mexican War Causation Essay. The Mexican-American War was between 1845 and …

Though Mexico and the United States had never been friends, the annexation of Texas in 1845 was a major blow to Mexico. Upon learning that Texas had, in fact, been annexed, Mexico banished the American ambassador and cut all diplomatic ties to the United States (Mintz, Moores, and Moores). Though the attempts made by Mexico to retake Texas in 1842 had been unsuccessful, they still refused to recognize the authority of Texas as a separate nation, holding out the hope that they could indeed retake the country (as it was then thought of) that had originally been part of Mexico (Mintz, Moores, and Moores). The United States offered Mexico $5 million to recognize the border of Texas as the Rio Grande River, rather than the Nueces River 130 miles northeast(Mintz, Moores, and Moores). The United States also offered up to an additional $5 million for the territory of New Mexico, and an additional proposal offering up to $25 million for the land of California (Mintz, Moores, and Moores). The Mexicans refused any and all offers due to their anger over the loss of Texas (Mintz, Moores, and Moores). Despite attempts to preserve peace, it was soon felt that war was the only ...

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On May 9, 1846, Polk began to prepare a war message to Congress, justifying hostilities on the grounds of Mexican refusal to pay U.S. claims and refusal to negotiate with Slidell. That evening he received word that Mexican troops had crossed the Rio Grande on April 25 and attacked ’s troops, killing or injuring 16 of them. In his quickly revised war message—delivered to Congress on May 11—Polk claimed that Mexico had “invaded our territory and shed American blood on American soil.”

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The Mexican-American War was the beginning of a legacy of hate between the Americans and Mexicans. During this era, Ameri ... ore land to maximize the American profit. This Anglo-American necessity led to the Mexican-American War. Imperialism was indeed the corner stone for the entire Mexican-American war; Americans aimed to ... lined, and American troops proceeded to the Rio Grande. Polk later claimed that the Mexico-American War was a last resort to Mexico's lack of cooperation and attack on the Americans, and that "America ...