The Mexican Army emerged from the war of independence (1810–1821) as a weak and divided force. Before the war with the United States, the military faced both internal and foreign challenges. The Spanish still occupied the coastal fortress of San Juan de Ulúa, and Spain did not recognize Mexico's independence, so that the new nation was at risk for invasion. In 1829, the Spanish attempted to reconquer their former colony and became a national hero defending the homeland. The army had a set of privileges (), established in the colonial era, that gave it jurisdiction over many aspects of its affairs. In general, the military supported conservative positions, advocating a strong central government and upholding privileges of the military and the Catholic Church.
Mexico was not inclined nor able to negotiate. In 1846 alone, the presidency changed hands four times, the war ministry six times, and the finance ministry sixteen times. Mexican public opinion and all political factions agreed that selling the territories to the United States would tarnish the national honor. Mexicans who opposed direct conflict with the United States, including President , were viewed as traitors. Military opponents of de Herrera, supported by populist newspapers, considered Slidell's presence in Mexico City an insult. When de Herrera considered receiving Slidell to settle the problem of Texas annexation peacefully, he was accused of treason and deposed. After a more nationalistic government under General came to power, it publicly reaffirmed Mexico's claim to Texas; Slidell, convinced that Mexico should be "chastised", returned to the US.
In November 1845, Polk sent , a secret representative, to Mexico City with an offer to the Mexican government of $25 million for the Rio Grande border in Texas and Mexico's provinces of and . US expansionists wanted California to thwart British ambitions in the area and to gain a port on the . Polk authorized Slidell to forgive the $3 million owed to US citizens for damages caused by the and pay another $25 to $30 million in exchange for the two territories.
The San Practicio Battalion knew after the United States raised their flag over the Castle of Chapultepec they would be hanged from leaving and joining the Mexicans. Who were the soldiers? The majority of Americans who served in the War with Mexico were young, in their late teens and early twenties. Many of them had never been away from home before. They enlisted for glory and adventure. What they got was a bitter dose of reality; heat, dust, boredom, insects, disease and all too frequently, death – more often caused by illness than by enemy bullets. One thing is that being a soldier in the U.
An essay or paper on The History of Mexican-American War
S. -Mexican War was an uncomfortable, unhealthy, and dangerous business. Disease killed more men than bullets. This is due to unsanitary camp conditions. Primitive medical techniques along with delays in treatment was another reason for the deaths of many battle wounded who might otherwise have recovered had they received prompt and proper care and attention. The weapons used by soldiers in the Mexican War were generally muzzle-loading rifles or muskets, with the latter predominating since they were quicker and easier to load, although their range and accuracy left something to be desired.
Essays on the Mexican War by Douglas W
American idealist and realism views Idealism and realism are two motivational factors for American war and peace. America has always been more of an idealist when going to war and realist at the peac ... to war and realist at the peace table. Evidence of this can be seen in two of the earliest American wars, the Revolutionary war and the Mexican war. From the willingness of Americans to get up and fig ...
Essays on the Mexican War by Richmond, Douglas W./ Eisenhower, John S
The Printed Ephemera Collection at the Library of Congress is a rich repository of Americana. In total, the collection comprises 28,000 primary-source items dating from the seventeenth century to the present and encompassing key events and eras in U.S. history, including the annexation of Texas and the Mexican War.