Democratic Republic Of The Congo In Africa - UK Essays

Democratic Republic of Congo - Essay

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, a.k.a. the DRC, or more commonly “the Congo”, has experienced an endless nightmare of violence, poverty, famine, sickness, and murder for the past 16 years. The constant bloodshed between the national and armed forces has led to countless civilian deaths, or the genocide in the Congo. Before I go on any further, I must explain what a genocide is. A genocide is the attempted destruction of an entire group of people. The most famous example is the Holocaust in…

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, a.k.a. the DRC, or more commonly “the Congo”, has experienced an endless nightmare of violence, poverty, famine, sickness, and murder for the past 16 years. The constant bloodshed between the national and armed forces has led to countless civilian deaths, or the genocide in the Congo. Before I go on any further, I must explain what a genocide is. A genocide is the attempted destruction of an entire group of people. The most famous example is the Holocaust in…

Through the late 1800's to present date, Imperialism has reigned through this century. Countries from Europe have gone through Africa and Asia to obtain territory and spheres of influence. Empires use their territory to gaining resources and to set up trading posts. Even America took over territory over China and the Philippines. Although the main reasons for gain the land are for economy boosts and free trade, many countries abused their powers. They cheat the natives with one sided treaties or order them around, most of the time turning them into slaves. King Leopold II was probably the first one to abuse this power. He did it to the Congolese in what is now called Democratic Republic of the Congo. King Leopold of Belgian ordered Henry Stanley to go search around Africa to find rich, resource abundant land. He found a vast region of land in the middle-west part of Africa. Lord Stanley made treaties with the natives that gave King Leopold personal title of Belgian Congo. ("Congo, Democratic Republic of the." Paragraph 2) Soon the Belgian Congo would fall into depression as the Belgians would turn the natives into labor slaves. Belgian Congo is land rich of rubber and Leopold wanted it. "Leopold accumulated a vast personal fortune from ivory and rubber through Congolese slave labor; 10 million people are estimated to have died from forced labor, starvation, and outright extermination during Leopold's colonial rule." ~ "Congo, Democratic Republic of the." Paragraph 3. Even after Congo broke free from Belgium in 1960, they faced army mutiny and withdrawal of Katanga, a mineral abundant province. ("Country Profile: Democratic Republic of Congo." Overview, Paragraph 3.) DR Congo is one of the most mineral rich countries in the world, but it is still national turmoil over rebellions and the ongoing war with other African nations. Imperialism in this corrupted country has left it in ruins and as of right now, it's stuck in the middle of a civil war. Although there are

The Democratic Republic of the Congo Essay - 3395 …

Historical assessment and analysis of the state of the National Armed Forces (FARDC) Like all state institutions, the national army is a production and reflection of the economic and political power structures and mechanisms. The political context in the Democratic Republic of Congo is embedded in a system of clientelism. This system has been developed under the Mobutu regime to empower and embolden total and permanent confusion between the “private” and the “public” spheres. The public spheres, state institutions such as the army, were mainly used as a tool to enlarge private gain.

Democratic Republic Of Congo Culture - Example Essays

Finally, the most fundamental need leading to the involvement of autochthons in some of the most disastrous ethnically driven animosities, for instance, as seen in the case of Democratic Republic of Congo, is the drive for resources. The resources mostly entail land, minerals, food, water, fishing, and other important resources which communities derive their livelihoods. The existence of varying levels of socio-economic status different communities potentially leads to the emergence of competition among them. The need for one community to sustain its members soon leads to the discovery of the impending unfairness in terms of resource allocation, access and utilization. For instance, a minority community whose members represent the native members of the population may find it hard to access the most beneficial community resource, land, which may spark feelings of exclusion and a need to protect overexploitation of the resources. As a result, should they be unable to address the arising issues in an amicable manner due to lack of representative authorities capable of fronting their needs, this may lead to the occurrence of violence. For instance, the formation of rebel gangs in Democratic Republic of Congo gives whose role is to control access and utilization of the mineral resources, provides a good example of the problem brought about by resources.

Democratic Republic of Congo Essay - 2259 Words

The Democratic Republic of Congo Essay 2165 Words | 9 Pages

Paedagogica Historica, Volume 40, No. 4, August 2004. – medica mondiale (ed. ): Violence Against Women in War. Handbook for professionals working with traumatized women. Mabuse Publisher, 2008. – Mukwege, Denis Mukengere, and Cathy Nagini. Rape with Extreme Violence: The New Pathology in South-Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. PLoS Medicine, Volume 6,Issue 12, 2009. – Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. From Zaire to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Current African Issues No. 28. The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala 2004. – Office of the Senior SV Advisor and Coordinator.

Conflict and Corruption in the Democratic Republic of Congo Essay

He was found guilty of crimes against humanity for sending his troops to rape, beat and loot from the population of Fizi on New Year’s Day. Judges also sentenced three officers serving under the commander to 20 years and five soldiers to between 10 and 15 years. “The sentences send a strong signal to all perpetrators in the DRC and beyond that conflict-related sexual violence is not acceptable and will not be tolerated. It also shows that accountability for sexual violence is possible,” the Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Margot Wallstrom, said in a statement. Those reports are hopefull, but there is still a lot of work to do, due to the mentality in the National Forces and the economic – political situation of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Recommendation It would be a significant help if a unified system of data reporting and mapping could be implemented in all the active organizations to map the cases of violence and to measure the impact of the strategy. I would also recommend to improve and extend awareness raising programs among women and men/soldiers about human rights and facilities.


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The IASC (Inter-Agency Standing Committee) Guidelines defines Sexual Violence as “any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic a person’s sexuality, using coercion, threats of harm or physical force, by any person regardless of relationship to the victim, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work. ” Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) is not limited to women and girls, but also includes gender based violence against men, boys and transgender people. The nature and extent of specific types of SGBV vary across cultures, countries and regions. Examples include sexual violence, including sexual exploitation/abuse and forces prostitution, domestic violence, trafficking, forces/early marriage, harmful traditional practices such as female genital mutilation, honour killings, widow inheritance, and others. ” Although this paper talks about Sexual and Gender Based Violence , most cases in armed Democratic Republic of Congo are actually Sexual Violence: sexual harassment, rape, gang-rape and sexual slavery.

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I interviewed a victim of SGBV in Eastern-Congo, Sister Agnes Besard, about her experiences and impressions of the situation. I also interviewed Beatrix Attinger, Head of the Sexual Unit in the UN mission MONUSCO in the Democratic Republic of Congo to discuss the strategies to combat SGBV in DRC. Definition of terms Before starting the research, it is important to define Sexual Violence (SV) and Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV). Definitions of Sexual Violence differ when used in legislation, in international, national and local reports and guidelines.