The risk for maternal death (during pregnancy or childbirth) in sub-Saharan Africa is 175 times higher than in developed countries, and risk for pregnancy-related illnesses and negative consequences after birth is even higher. Poverty, maternal health, and outcomes for the child are all interconnected. Neonatal deaths in developing countries account for 98% of worldwide yearly neonatal deaths. That being said, poverty is detrimental to the health of both mother and child.
According to a report, "A woman's chance of dying or becoming disabled during pregnancy and childbirth is closely connected to her social and economic status, the norms and values of her culture, and the geographic remoteness of her home. Generally speaking, the poorer and more marginalized a woman is, the greater her risk of death. In fact, maternal mortality rates reflect disparities between wealthy and poor countries more than any other measure of health. A woman's lifetime risk of dying as a result of pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 39 in Sub-Saharan Africa, as compared to 1 in 4,700 in industrialized countries."
(UNFPA) estimated that 289,000 women died of pregnancy or childbirth related causes in 2013. These causes range from severe bleeding to obstructed labour, all of which have highly effective interventions. As women have gained access to family planning and skilled birth attendance with backup emergency obstetric care, the global maternal mortality ratio has fallen from 380 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 210 deals per 100,000 live births in 2013. This has resulted in many countries halving their maternal death rates.
CAPPA believes that all women have the right to make informed decisions regarding their options throughout pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, and breastfeeding. CAPPA supports and encourages families to choose healthcare providers and the place of birth that most reflects and supports their values and needs. CAPPA trains professionals to provide unbiased education. The CAPPA Approach does not use guilt as a motivator but instead encourages families to make intuitive and informed decisions. CAPPA professionals have the opportunity and responsibility to help parents recognize their own values without imposing their own personal biases.
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Most of the women in the UK will have experienced at least one of the medical interventions described below. Indeed, of the 600,000 or so deliveries in the UK each year, it is estimated that less than half of these could be described as 'normal'. Routine interventions in childbirth include:
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Natural childbirth is where the mother does not receive any drugs to relieve pain or to aid the birthing process. Natural childbirth is considered to be the safest way for the baby to be born. It is healthier for the mom and baby. There is less chance of serious injury from iatrogenic trauma. You will have less chance of having a C-section. The mother has a much quicker healing time. If the mother plans on breastfeeding, she will have a much higher chance of a breastfeeding success and there is lower risk of all complications that can happen from regular birth interventions.