Thucydides, from his Aristocratic and historical viewpoint, reasoned that the common people were often much too credulous about even contemporary facts to rule justly. notes that "Thucydides cites examples of two errors regarding : the beliefs that the two Spartan kings each had two votes in council and that there was a Spartan battalion called the 'Pitanate .' Thucydides sums up: 'Such is the degree of carelessness among the many () in the search for truth () and their preference for ready-made accounts'." He contrasted his own critical-historical approach to history with the way the demos decided upon the truth. So "Thucydides has established for his reader the existence of a potentially fatal structural flaw in the edifice of democratic ways of knowing and doing. The identification of this "flaw" is a key to his criticism of Athenian popular rule."
Payment for jurors was introduced around 462 BC and is ascribed to , a feature described by Aristotle as fundamental to radical democracy ( 1294a37). Pay was raised from 2 to 3 by early in the Peloponnesian war and there it stayed; the original amount is not known. Notably, this was introduced more than fifty years before payment for attendance at assembly meetings. Running the courts was one of the major expenses of the Athenian state and there were moments of financial crisis in the 4th century when the courts, at least for private suits, had to be suspended.
Solon, the mediator, reshaped the city "by absorbing the traditional aristocracy in a definition of citizenship which allotted a political function to every free resident of Attica. Athenians were not slaves but citizens, with the right, at the very least, to participate in the meetings of the assembly." Under these reforms, the position of archon "was opened to all with certain property qualifications, and a , a rival council of 400, was set up. The Areopagus, nevertheless, retained 'guardianship of the laws'". A major contribution to democracy was Solon's setting up of an or Assembly, which was open to all male citizens. However, "one must bear in mind that its agenda was apparently set entirely by the Council of 400", "consisting of 100 members from each of the four tribes", that had taken "over many of the powers which the Areopagos had previously exercised."
Please i want to answer the FIRST question in the first assessment in the written exercise which it is :
What were the core features of Athenian democracy? What are its key differences from contemporary western democracies?
Essays about athenian democracy Coursework Help
Elite refers to a person who belongs to small group of people that enjoys additional benefits in contrast to the other masses. Pertaining to the various classes of people, Athens witnessed all types of elites including ruling, educated, wealthy, and status elites. The introduction of constitutional democracy in Athens really put the elites on the back foot. The masses were given equal rights in each and every social field. Though the elites tried to blend in with the masses, their extraordinary characteristics always kept them outstanding (Ober 14).
Athenian Democracy Essay - Paper Topics - Essays & …
Around 460 B.C., (c.490-429 B.C.) used the power of the people in the law courts and the Assembly to break up the Council of Five Hundred. Under Pericles, came to mean the equality of justice and the equality of opportunity. The equality of justice was secured by the jury system, which ensured that slaves and resident aliens were represented through their patrons. The equality of opportunity did not mean that every man has the right to everything. What it did mean is that the criteria for choosing citizens for office was merit and efficiency and not wealth. Whereas Solon had used the criterion of birth for his officials and Cleisthenes had used wealth, Pericles now used merit. This was the ideal for Pericles. What indeed happened in practice was quite different. The Greek historian Thucydides (c.460-c.400 B.C.) commented on the reality of democracy under Pericles when he wrote: "It was in theory, a democracy but in fact it became the rule of the first Athenian." And the historian Herodotus (c.485-425 B.C.) added that "nothing could be found better than the one man, the best." This "one man, the best," was the , the word from which we get the expression aristocracy. So, what began as Greek democracy under Cleisthenes around 500 B.C., became an aristocracy under Pericles by 430 B.C.
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So was free to impose his reforms, which he did during the . These mark the beginning of classical Athenian democracy, since (with a few brief exceptions) they organized into the political landscape that would last for the next two centuries. His reforms, seen broadly, took two forms: he refined the basic institutions of the Athenian democracy, and he redefined fundamentally how the people of saw themselves in relation to each other and to the state. Since the is devoted to its various institutions, so for the moment we can focus on the new Athenian identity that imposed.
According to , brought about a reform of the Court of the by denouncing the Court before the and the (). So the reform was not, finally, the work of alone, but an act of by two of the more democratic institutions in . connects this event to a newfound feeling of power among the common people of following the Persian Wars, when the less wealthy citizens by serving in the navy had saved the city. He makes the connection between naval victories and the reform of the Court of the explicitly in his Politics (), and the Constitution of the Athenians that survives under Aristotle’s name strongly suggests the connection as well ().Though Athens may have built a strong foundation for the prosperity of democracy throughout the world, the Athenian Democracy itself was a system saturated with flaws as it ignored the significant role of a majority of population that included women, metics, and slaves. With time, the so-called democratic Athens fell back into the grip of the elites; consequently, corruption prevailed which led to the eventual downfall of the empire.Socrates and his famous relationship to the known democratic city, and also especially during his trial and the celebrated execution, were great matters of dire central concern to all ancient critics that dwell on democracy. The existing figure of the renowned Socrates continues to always loom large in all contemporary discussions of the existing moral and also practical value of the Greek democracy (Jones 48).Democracy is necessary for the success of any given nation. People cannot exist and live in harmony if there is no proper procedure or way in which democracy is defined and practiced. All people should understand their rights and should always call out and yearn to experience it. There should be no instances of ignorance as even the less educated have their day when it comes to democracy. Their voices count as equal as to those who also have a lot of knowledge and prowess in different fields. Some of the contemporary critics always regarded the trial and also execution as a clear evidence of the Athenian democracy's moral and turpitude (Jones 57).